Pregnancy Discrimination in the Workplace | Pregnancy Discrimination Attorneys Fighting For Pregnant Employees In New York City, New Jersey & Philadelphia

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Pregnancy Discrimination | Pregnancy Discrimination Lawyer In New York City, New Jersey and Philadelphia

Expecting a baby is a very special time for a woman. But for some women, their pregnancy predisposes them to unfair or unequal treatment in the workforce. At employment law firm of Derek Smith Law Group our pregnancy discrimination attorneys represent women in cases of pregnancy discrimination in New York , New Jersey and Philadelphia.


What is Pregnancy Discrimination? | Pregnancy Discrimination Attorney Derek Smith Esq. Explains | NYC-NJ-PA

Pregnancy discrimination occurs when an employer treats a woman unfairly because she is pregnant or because of a medical condition associated with her pregnancy. Anytime you are not afforded even a reasonable accommodation, you are fired or not promoted because of your pregnancy, you may have a pregnancy discrimination case against your employer. New York City and Philadelphia Discrimination Laws are so much more protective of employees with respect to Pregnancy discrimination. For example comments or conduct that may not be considered Pregnancy discrimination under the state or Federal law, may be covered by the New York City and Philadelphia law. New York City has some of the best employment laws for people subject to discrimination based on their Pregnancy.

 


What is the Pregnancy Discrimination Act? | EEO C and Pregnancy Discrimination Attorneys in NYC-NJ-PA

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 is a United States federal statute. The Act covers discrimination “on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions.” The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to “prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy.” Under Title VII, discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions constitutes unlawful sexual discrimination. At the Derek Smith Law Group our New York City, New Jersey and Philadelphia pregnancy discrimination attorneys can advise you of your rights under these laws. While these laws have been set up for the protection of pregnant workers, they at times can be cumbersome and complex. If you feel you have been discriminated against on the job due to your pregnancy in New York City, New Jersey or Philadelphia contact our pregnancy discrimination lawyers to assist you in your pregnancy EEOC claim or your pregnancy discrimination lawsuit. The initial consultation is free and our pregnancy discrimination attorneys charge no fee unless we recover for you in your pregnancy discrimination case.


Can an employer refuse to hire someone because they are pregnant? | Pregnancy Discrimination Lawyer in NY-NJ-PA

An employer cannot refuse to hire a pregnant woman because of her pregnancy, because of a pregnancy-related condition, or because of the prejudices of co-workers, clients, or customers. An employer may not single out pregnancy-related conditions for special procedures to determine an employee’s ability to work while pregnant.

It is illegal to discriminate against an employee based on their pregnancy in any term or condition of employment, such as compensation pay, raises, promotions, hiring, firing, benefits, etc. Furthermore, under New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York State & New York City laws it is illegal to retaliate against someone because they have complained about Pregnancy Discrimination.

Available remedies in a Pregnancy discrimination lawsuit may include lost wages, emotional distress, punitive damages, and attorneys fees.


New York City, New Jersey & Philadelphia Laws prohibit pregnancy discrimination | Employment Discrimination

What does the Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (PWFA) do?

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act protects pregnant employees and mothers who have recently given birth in New York City against discrimination and also provides a framework for how pregnant women should be treated on the job including the following guidelines:

  • Pregnant women must be treated the same as other applicants or employees with similar abilities or limitations
  • An employer cannot refuse to hire a woman because she is pregnant as long as she is able to perform the job
  • An employer can only require pregnant workers to submit a doctor note excusing their inability to work if they require all employees to do the same
  • Pregnant employees must be permitted to work as long as they are able to perform their jobs
  • Employers must hold open a job for pregnancy-related absences the same length of time jobs are held open for employees on sick or disability leave
  • Employers have to allow pregnant employees to make changes to their work duties or schedule in order to stay healthy
  • Employees with pregnancy-related disabilities must be treated the same as other temporarily disabled employees with respect to pay and benefits

These changes needed for some pregnant employees are called “reasonable accommodations”. Under the new law (PWFA), most employers in New York City must provide reasonable accommodations for pregnant workers.

If you feel you are not receiving reasonable accommodations from your employer the New York City, New Jersey and Philadelphia pregnancy discrimination attorneys at Derek Smith Law Group, PLLC can inform you of all the rights protecting pregnant women in the workforce. Know all the facts before proceeding with your legal case, an experienced pregnancy discrimination attorney in New York City, New Jersey & Philadelphia can answer your questions and tailor a personal legal strategy for your pregnancy discrimination lawsuit. Employers will have attorneys on their side; you owe it to yourself and your loved ones to have the tough and thorough New York City, New Jersey or Philadelphia pregnancy discrimination lawyers from the Derek Smith Law Group, PLLC fighting for you.


WHAT IS PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION IN NEW YORK? | New York State Pregnancy Discrimination Lawyer

 Under New York law, pregnancy discrimination is a form of sex discrimination, but may also be a form of familial status discrimination. The New York Human Rights Law (“NYHRL”) prevents employers with fifteen (15) or more employees from discriminating against a pregnant individual.

Under NYHRL, pregnancy discrimination is defined as any adverse action against an employee because the employee is pregnant, intends to become pregnant, recently was pregnant or recently gave birth. This is often in the form of termination, demotion, unwanted transfer, denial of overtime, unwanted reduction in work schedule, or adverse actions relating to the terms, conditions or privileges of employment. In 1974 a New York Court of Appeals ruled the medical needs of women who are pregnant, or who have recently given birth must be treated the same as other employees.

Since 1997, The NYHRL has required employers to provide reasonable accommodations for the medical needs of employees with disabilities, to include pregnancy. In 2015, New York Courts ruled that  “pregnancy-related” medical conditions must also be accommodated. While a pregnancy related condition is treated as temporary disability, any medically-advised restriction or need related to pregnancy will trigger the need to accommodate.

A reasonable accommodation is an accommodation that does not cause the employer undue hardship. Undue hardship generally means a significant difficulty or expense to the employer. When looking at an undue hardship, the Court generally considers the following relevant factors such as, overall size of the business, the type of operation of the business and the nature and cost of the accommodations.

In order to file a complaint, an employee who feels they have been discriminated against because they are pregnant must file a complaint with the New York State Division of Human Rights or the EEOC. Because of the complications of filing the proper pregnancy claim, please contact our experienced attorneys at the Derek Smith Law Group PLLC, who have years of experience filing claims based on pregnancy discrimination.


WHAT IS PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION IN NYC? | New York City Pregnancy Discrimination Attorney

In an effort to combat pregnancy discrimination, New York City has passed the Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (“PWFA”).

The PWFA protects pregnant employees and mothers who have recently given birth in New York City against discrimination and also provides a framework for how pregnant women should be treated on the job. The PFWA creates the following guidelines:

  • Pregnant women must be treated the same as other applicants or employees with similar abilities or limitations.
  • An employer cannot refuse to hire a woman because she is pregnant as long as she is able to perform the job.
  • An employer can only require pregnant workers to submit a doctor note excusing their inability to work if they require all employees to do the same.
  • Pregnant employees must be permitted to work as long as they are able to perform their jobs.
  • Employers must hold open a job for pregnancy-related absences the same length of time jobs are held open for employees on sick or disability leave.
  • Employers have to allow pregnant employees to make changes to their work duties or schedule as a reasonable accommodation.
  • Employees with pregnancy-related disabilities must be treated the same as other temporarily disabled employees with respect to pay and benefits.

These changes needed for some pregnant employees are called “reasonable accommodations”. Under the new law (PWFA), most employers in New York City must provide reasonable accommodations for pregnant workers.


WHAT IS PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION IN NEW JERSEY? | New Jersey Pregnancy Discrimination Attorney

 Often, women are discriminated against because they are pregnant, to include being discharged because they need leave to have a child. The New Jersey Family Leave Act was established to provide family leave for women in this position, further it prohibits employers from discharging employees based on pregnancy. The New Jersey law works in conjunction with the Federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), making it unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a pregnant women in employment. This Act prohibits an employer from:

  • Refusing to hire an individual because the employer thinks that individual is likely to become pregnant;
  • fire an individual because they are pregnant, or have a pregnancy – related medical condition, assuming they can perform the essential functions of the job;
  • require an individual to begin disability or maternity leave before the date they wished to begin their leave;
  • refuse to accommodate an individual’s need for maternity or alternate uniform or clothing options;
  • transfer an individual to another job or work location;
  • involuntarily transfer an individual to another position because of their pregnancy;
  • deny an individual training, desirable job duties or a promotion because they are pregnant; or
  • deny an individual the same or similar job when they return from maternity.

A pregnant women is also protected from other forms of harassment because they are pregnant and are further protected from retaliation because you are pregnant.

Under New Jersey law, there are two types of remedies available to a women who feels they are discriminated against based on their pregnancy, administrative and judicial.

In order to invoke an administrative remedy, a complaint must be filed with the New Jersey Division on Civil Rights within 180 days of the discrimination. The Division will conduct an initial evaluation, and if it is determined that a violation has occurred, the Division will prepare a complaint for an employee to sign and conduct an investigation. Once the investigation is concluded, the Division will push to settle complaint, if no settlement can be reached the Division will hold a hearing and issue an order.

Alternatively, an individual who believes they have been discriminated against may also bring his complaint in the New Jersey Superior court.

When bringing a complaint the task is often confusing and can become more of a problem than a resolution to a problem. Our experienced attorney’s at the Derek Smith Law Group PLLC have spent years litigating these type of cases and will work tirelessly to ensure that your complaint is properly adjudicated.


WHAT IS PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION IN PENNSYLVANIA? Philadelphia Pregnancy Discrimnation Lawyer

 While not a specific law under Pennsylvania law, The Pennsylvania Human Relations Act has carved out rights protecting pregnant women based on familial status, extending these protections to any person who is pregnant or is in the process of securing legal custody of an individual who is under the age of 18.

Discriminating against an individual based on familial status is a matter of concern for the Commonwealth. This type of discrimination often excludes an individual from the workforce, leaving their well-being to the State, costing the State large sums of money in effort to care for it citizens who have been illegally  locked out of the workforce. Further, protecting vulnerable individuals is an important function of a free and independent democratic state.

Currently, there are no Pennsylvania State Laws which specifically prohibit employers from discriminating against individuals because they are pregnant. However, the Federal PDA and FMLA are able to close the gap and afford protections to individuals who feel they have been discriminated against because they are pregnant.


Consult our New York City, Philadelphia or New Jersey Employment Discrimination attorneys

Laws prohibiting pregnancy discrimination in New York City, Philadelphia and New Jersey mandate that male and female workers must be treated equally in the workplace, including work rules and compensation. If you have questions about the rights of pregnant women in the workplace, the Derek T. Smith Law Group, PLLC pregnancy discrimination attorneys in New York City, Philadelphia or New Jersey can advise you. The following links lead to information about common types of discrimination in the workplace:


Getting Started

If you need a pregnancy discrimination lawyer in New York City, Philadelphia or New Jersey or need to speak with pregnancy discrimination lawyer regarding other cases of discrimination, please fill out the contact form on the top side of this page and click submit or call our toll-free number 877-469-5297 today. The New York City, Philadelphia and New Jersey Pregnancy Discrimination Attorneys at the Derek T. Smith Law Group are your Number One resource for employment law conflicts in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island and throughout New York, Newark, Jersey City, New Jersey & Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. We solely represent employees in pregnancy discrimination disputes, staunchly advocating for pregnancy discrimination victims’ right to a fair workplace. Contact our any of our offices today for a FREE CONSULTATION with our pregnancy discrimination attorneys. We charge NO FEE unless we recover for you.***

Is Pregnancy Discrimination Considered Sexual Harassment in New York City? Click here for the answer

Pregnancy Discrimination | New York City, New Jersey and Philadelphia Employment Discrimination Lawyers

     
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Pregnancy Discrimination Attorneys offer a Free Consultation and we charge No Fee Unless We Recover For You