A June 24, 2013 decision by the United States Supreme Court has changed the definition of a supervisor. This decision affects employer harassment cases brought under federal law (Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964).
When a co-worker harasses a worker, the employer is liable only when the employer was negligent in controlling working conditions. However, if the harasser is a supervisor, then the court may hold the employer strictly liable for the supervisor’s actions. Therefore, in assessing an employer’s liability, it is important to know the legal criteria that differentiate a supervisor from a mere co-worker.
In its Enforcement Guidance on Vicarious Employer Liability for Unlawful Harassment by Supervisors, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) defines a supervisor as:
- An individual with the authority to undertake or recommend tangible employment decisions affecting the employee, such as hiring, firing, promoting, demoting and reassigning the employee.
- An individual with the authority to direct the employee’s daily work activities.
In its decision in Vance v. Ball State University, the Supreme Court held, with a narrow four to three majority, that a supervisor is an individual with authority to undertake or recommend tangible employment decisions affecting the employee. In other words, the Court accepted only the first alternative in the EEOC’s definition. The Court discarded the EEOC’s second alternative, that a supervisor could be a person with authority to direct the employee’s daily work activities. Writing for the majority, Justice Samuel A. Alito stated that the second alternative of “EEOC’s definition of a supervisor … is a study in ambiguity.”
With a narrower definition of what a supervisor is, it is more important than ever to consult a competent NYC workplace harassment attorney if you are the victim of harassment at work by your supervisor
If you feel you have been the victim of workplace discrimination or sexual harassment in New York City, Miami, New Jersey or Philadelphia or if your employment rights have been violated, call us at 800-807-2209 for a free consultation. Our attorneys are available to review your claims and prepare a solid case to recover the damages and justice you deserved.
- 6 Pregnancy Rights You Need to Know - April 20, 2021
- Sex for Rent Schemes Hit Low-Income Renters - February 3, 2021
- Know your rights: Can you get fired if you refuse to take the COVID vaccine? - February 2, 2021
- How to Find an Experienced Sexual Harassment Lawyer in Los Angeles - February 2, 2021
- 6 Ways to Take Time Off When Emergency Leave Expires - December 24, 2020
- 12 Ways Sexual Harassment Targets Work from Home Employees - November 19, 2020
- Black Women Golfing Leads to Race Discrimination - November 16, 2020
- 5 Signs to Identify Child Sexual Abuse - October 13, 2020
- New York State Employees Are Entitled to Paid Sick Leave - October 9, 2020
- How to Get Paid for Your Commute - October 1, 2020